UPDATE: Gil Raphaelli has posted his python bindings he wrote for our libyahoo2 use in our Ops IM Bot.
There was something that I left out of my slides, mostly because I didn’t want to distract from the main topic, which was optimization and efficiencies.
While I used our image processing capacity at Flickr as an example of how compilers and hardware can have some significant influence on how fast or efficient you can run, I had wondered what the Magical Cloud™ would do with these differences.
So I took the tests I ran on our own machines and ran them on Small, Medium, Large, Extra Large, and Extra Large(High) instances of EC2, to see. The results were a bit surprising to me, but I’m sure not surprising to anyone who uses EC2 with any significant amount of CPU demand.
For the testing, I have a script that does some super simple image resizing with GraphicsMagick. It splits a DSLR photo into 6 different sizes, much in the same way that we do at Flickr for the real world. It does that resizing on about 7 different files, and I timed them all. This is with the most recent version of GraphicsMagick, 1.3.5, with the awesome OpenMP bits in it.
Here is the slide of the tests run on different (increasingly faster) dedicated machines:
and here is the slide that I didn’t include, of the EC2 timings of the same test:
Now I’m not suggesting that the two graphs should look similar, or that EC2 should be faster. I’m well aware of the shift in perspective when deploying capacity within the cloud versus within your own data center. So I’m not surprised that the fastest test results are on the order of 2x slower on EC2. Application logic, feature designs (synchronous versus asynchronous image processing, for example) can take care of these differences and could be a welcome trade-off in having to run your own machines.
What I am surprised about is the variation (or lack thereof) of all but the small instances. After I took a closer look at vmstat and top, I realized that the small instances consistently saw about 50-60% CPU stolen from it, the mediums almost always saw zero stolen, and the Large and ExtraLarges saw up to 35% CPU stolen from it during the jobs.